Chart 4

An Integrated Model of the Casual Factors of Sexual Abuse

PREREQUISITE FACTORS –> <– CONTRIBUTING FACTORS –> <– SEX ABUSE*

Sexual Arousal to children

and

Propensity to act on arousal

Culture

Culture of male dominance
Values re: male sexuality and female roles

Family

Marital discord
Sexual dysfunction in marriage
Unprotective mother
"Seductive" child

Environment

Social isolation
Unsupervised access to children
Unemployment

Personality

Alcoholism/substance abuse
Poor social skills
Low self-esteem

Past history

Traumatic sexual experience as a child
Sexually abusive role models
Nonnurturing childhood

*Since the vast majority of offenders are male, the model assumes a male offender.