Exhibit 9-2

Selected Treatment and Intervention Services
Service Focus Population Research Reference Information
Services for Children and Adolescents
Art Therapy To use art to help children deal with feelings of victimization, loss, and separation. Used for assessment and treatment. Abused children Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy at time of writing. Literature review and supporting information are available.98
Cognitive Processing Therapy Through cognitive restructuring, provides relief of symptoms arising from exposure to traumatic events. Children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or related depression Research indicates positive results.99 Treatment manual, guidelines, and supporting information are available.100
Early Childhood Programs To provide children with respite from a stressful home situation by giving them clear structure and opportunities to interact with positive adult role models in a safe childcare setting. Abused and at-risk children When provided in conjunction with other appropriate services, research indicates positive results.101 Supporting information is available.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing To integrate a range of therapeutic approaches in combination with eye movement stimulation to affect cognitive processes and resolve therapeutic issues at a faster rate. Traumatized children or adolescents When provided in conjunction with other appropriate services, research indicates positive results.102 Guidelines, protocols, training, and supporting information are available.103
Family Foster Care and Kinship Care To provide a safe, supportive environment through out-of-home placement while working toward family reunification or permanent placement. Children and adolescents who have been abused or are at high risk for further maltreatment. Some research indicates positive results of kinship care; while others suggest concerns about the availability of fewer services to these families.104 Supporting information is available.105
Resilient Peer Training Intervention School-based service designed to enhance the social competencies of vulnerable children through interactions with resilient peers and supportive adults. Abused and at-risk children Research indicates positive results.106 Guidelines and supporting information are available.107
Sex Offender Treatment for Adolescents To change beliefs and attributions that support sex abuse, improve reactions to negative emotions, enhance behavioral risk management, and promote pro-social behaviors. Adolescent sex offenders Some research suggests promising results, yet there is no clear evidence.108 Treatment manuals and supporting information are available.109
Supportive Services To provide assistance, guidance, and positive role models. May include services provided by Big Brothers, Big Sisters, YMCA, Foster Grandparents, and faith- and community-based groups. Abused and at-risk children Generally supported in research and practice, yet empirical evidence of efficacy has varied.110 Supporting information is available.111
Trauma-focused Play Therapy To use play to enable abused children to express overwhelming emotions and thoughts. Used for both assessment and treatment. Abused children Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Review of literature suggests positive results.112 Guidelines and supporting information are available.113
Treatment Foster Care To provide therapeutic services to children within the private homes of trained families. Serves as a less restrictive, family-based alternative to residential or institutional care. Children and adolescents with significant behavioral, emotional, and mental health problems Research indicates positive results.114 Supporting information is available.115
Services for Parents
Adult Child Molester Treatment To address harmful thinking and behaviors that led offenders to sexually abuse by replacing them with appropriate thoughts and choices. Adult sex offenders Research indicates positive results.116 Supporting information is available.117
Focused Treatment Interventions To increase child safety, reduce risk, identify and build family strengths, and clarify responsibility in child maltreatment cases using a multidisciplinary approach. Families that have experienced abuse Initial research suggests positive results.118 Guidelines and supporting information are available.119
Focus on Families To decrease drug use and enhance parenting skills. Sessions address relapse, family management, and promoting children's success in school. Maltreating, substance abusing parents Research indicates positive results.120 Training curriculum is available.121
Parent-Child Education Program for Physically Abusive Parents To establish positive parent-child interactions and child rearing methods that are responsive to situational and developmental changes. Physically abusive parents Research indicates positive results.122 Guidelines and treatment manuals are available.123
Parents Anonymous, Inc. To provide opportunities to strengthen parenting skills through mutual support, shared leadership, and personal growth in groups co-led by parents and trained facilitators. At-risk and abusive parents Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Limited research supports positive results.124 Guidelines, facilitation manual, and supporting information are available.125
Services for Parents and Children
Attachment-Trauma Therapy To create a secure primary attachment relationship for child and caregiver by increasing communication and building trust. Caregivers and children Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines and treatment manual are available.126
Behavioral Parent Training Interventions for Conduct-Disordered Children To teach parents specific skills regarding child-focused behavioral interventions to minimize coercive interactions between parent and child. Children with conduct disorders and their families Research indicates positive results.127 Guidelines and supporting information are available.128
Cognitive- Behavioral and Dynamic Play Therapy To help children gain insight into their needs and behaviors, and educate parents on age-appropriate sexual behavior through behavior modification techniques. Sexually abused children ages 6 to 12 with sexual behavior problems and their parents Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines, treatment manual, and supporting information are available.129
Family Preservation Services To allow children to remain safely in their own homes by building on family strengths and reducing family deficits through frequent individualized services. Families in crisis or with chronic problems Most evaluations of family preservation services have focused on intensive family preservation services (see below). Supporting information is available.130
Family Resolution Therapy To develop long-term resolution for family relationships, which may range from full-family reunification to termination of parent-child contacts. Concerned with the latter stages of treatment process. Families where sexual or physical abuse has occurred, and where professional intervention with family is complete Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines and supporting information are available.131
Intensive Family Preservation Services To prevent out-of-home placement and reduce the risk of child maltreatment by changing behaviors and increasing skills through intensive, time-limited, and comprehensive services. Families whose children have been identified at risk for placement Research varies regarding the effectiveness of this intervention.132 Supporting information is available.133
Physical Abuse-focused, Cognitive-behavioral Treatment for Individual Child and Parent To address beliefs about abuse and violence and improve skills to enhance emotional control and reduce violent behavior. Children and parents work with separate therapists for 12 to 16 sessions. Physically abusive parents and their children Research indicates positive results.134 Supporting information is available.135
Integrative Developmental Model for Treatment of Dissociative Symptomatology To address dissociative behavior by teaching the child and parents alternative communication strategies and by helping the family learn new interactive patterns. Children with dissociative symptoms and their families Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines, treatment manual, and supporting information are available.136
Multisystemic Therapy To assess the "fit" between identified problems and broader systemic issues, and implement a tailored, action-oriented intervention. Maltreated children and their families Research indicates positive results.137 Supporting information is available.138
Nurturing Parenting Programs To teach nurturing skills and discipline while reinforcing positive family values. Programs are available for different target populations based on child's age, family's culture, and special needs. Families at risk of physical abuse or neglect. Research indicates positive results.139 Training manual is available.140
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy To improve the quality of the parent-child relationship by decreasing child behavior problems and increasing positive parent behaviors. Children ages 2 to 8 years and their parents Research indicates positive results.141 Treatment manual and supporting information are available.142
Parents United: Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Program To offer clinical and support services to individuals affected by sexual abuse through group sessions. Victims, offenders, adults molested as children, and their support persons Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines, treatment manual, and supporting information are available.143
Physical Abuse-informed Family Therapy To promote cooperation, develop shared views about the value of non-coercive interaction, and increase skills of family members. Physically abusive parents and their children Research indicates positive results.144 Guidelines and supporting information are available.145
Project 12-Ways To deliver 12 services, including parent-child training, stress reduction for parents, basic skill training for children, money management training, behavior management, problem solving, and marital counseling. Families who have experienced abuse or neglect, or are at risk Initial research studies suggest positive results; however, potential for replication is unclear.146 Supporting information is available.147
Strengthening Families Program To strengthen family attachment while addressing substance abuse. Interventions consist of parent training, social and life skills training for children, and family practice sessions. Families who are at risk of substance abuse Research indicates positive results.148 Supporting information is available.149
Strengthening Multiethnic Families and Communities To decrease risk factors related to violence through a training program with five components: cultural or spiritual, enhancing relationships, positive discipline, rites of passage, and community involvement. Parents of children ages 3 to 18 from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds Research indicates positive results.150 Training manual is available.151
Therapeutic Child Development Program To provide children with a consistent, safe, monitored environment, while also providing parents with educational and support services. Abused preschool children and their parents Research indicates positive results.152 Guidelines and supporting information are available.153
Trauma-focused, Cognitive-behavioral Therapy To reduce children's negative emotional and behavioral responses and correct maladaptive beliefs related to abusive experiences. Used in individual, family, and group therapy, and in office-based and school-based settings. Sexually abused children and individuals exposed to other traumatic events Research indicates positive results.154 Guidelines, treatment manual, and supporting information are available.155
Trauma-focused, Integrative-eclectic Therapy To increase safety in the home, enhance the quality of the parent-child relationship, and assist children and teenagers by addressing issues of shame and self-blame. Abused children, their parents, or families Generally supported in clinical literature and practice, yet no controlled studies of its efficacy. Guidelines, treatment manual, and supporting information are available.156