The Role of Professional Child Care Providers in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect
Office on Child Abuse and Neglect, Children's Bureau. Karageorge, Kathy, Kendall, Rosemary|
|Year Published: 2008|
Appendix D: Handouts for Parents
"Time out" can be a valuable tool for disciplining a child. As we go about the business of teaching our children proper behavior, there are times when emotions threaten to get out of control. When this happens, it's wise to separate yourself from your child so that you can both cool off. Time out can be used as an effective, positive tool. There are three different ways to use time out, each having a different purpose.
1. To give the child time and space to cool off and to calm down. The key here is in the attitude of the parent. In advance, let your child know that when her behavior is out of control she'll be asked to go to her room. Tell her that when she is calm and under control she may join the family. How she chooses to use the time is her business, as long as it is respectful of people and property. Screaming or pounding on the door is not acceptable, but reading a book or other activities are fine. This is a valuable life skill that will prevent your child from "flying off the handle" and saying and doing things she might regret later.
Never drag a child to his time out. This robs you of the upper hand and makes you look foolish. Let him know in advance that when asked to remove herself she needs to do so immediately. If she does not, he'll be choosing to give up a privilege (one you have specified in advance), in addition to time out.
2. To give the parent time and space to cool off and to calm down. There are times when we get so angry at our children that we want to scream, hit, or ground them for life! This is the time to use a four-letter word: E X I T. Make a brief statement, "I'm so angry, I need a minute to think." Then go to your room or send the child to her room so that you can calm down and regroup. This will help you get yourself under control, and it provides good modeling for your children.
3. As a method for stopping a specific misbehavior. This can be an excellent way to put an immediate stop to a child's action. It brings a strong message, "This behavior is unacceptable, and it will stop now." There are several keys:
- Be quick. Catch your child in the act. Delayed reactions dilute the effect.
- Use selectively. Use for hitting, talking back, whining, or other specific problems. Do not overuse.
- Keep calm. Your anger only adds fuel to the fire and changes the focus from the behavior of the child to your anger. This prevents you from being in control.
- Stick with it. Once you say, "Time out," don't back down or be talked out of it. If you decide to use time out to control hitting, for example, use it every time your child hits even if she spends most of the day in time out! Eventually, she'll decide that it's more fun to play without hitting than to sit alone in her room.
Time out can be an effective discipline tool for parents. When used with other positive parenting methods, it helps you feel good about the job you are doing with your kids.
‡‡ U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF). (2006). Safe children and healthy families are a shared responsibility: 2006 community resource packet [On-line]. Available: http://www.childwelfare.gov/preventing/pdfs/prev_packet_2006_en.pdf; Pantley, E. (2002). Time out [On-line]. Available: http://www.circleofparents.org/downloads/circle_of_parents_time_out.pdf. back
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