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- » Caregivers of Young Children: Preventing and Responding to Child Maltreatment: Notes
1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, Study Findings: Study of National Incidence and Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglect: 1988 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1988); and A. J. Sedlak, Technical Amendment to the Study Findings--National Incidence and Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglect: 1988 (submitted to the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect by Westat, Inc., May 23, 1990).
3 National Black Child Development Institute, Who Will Care When Parents Can't? (Washington, DC: National Black Child Development Institute, 1989).
4 American Public Welfare Association, Network 6 (April 1990).
5 C. C. Tower, Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1989).
6 S. T. Azar, "Models of Child Abuse," Criminal Justice and Behavior 18(1991):30-46.
7 S. J. Gold, When Children Invite Child Abuse (Eugene, OR: Fern Ridge Press, 1986).
8 A. H. Green, K. Voeller, R. W. Gaines, and J. Kulsie, "Neurological Impairment in Maltreated Children," Child Abuse and Neglect 5(1981):129-134.
9 M. Laird, J. Eckenrode, and J. Doris, Maltreatment and the Social and Academic Adjustment of School Children: Final Report (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, November 1990).
10 A. P. Goldstein, H. Keller, and D. Erne, Changing the Abusive Parent (Champaign, IL: Research Press, 1985), 140.
11 H. P. Martin and P. Beezley, "Personality of Abused Children," in H. P. Martin, ed., The Abused Child: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Developmental Issues and Treatment (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1976), 105-111.
12 H. P. Martin and P. Beezley, "Behavioral Observations of Abused Children," Developmental Medicine and Clinical Neurology 19(1977):373-387; and D. F. Kline, "Educational and Psychological Problems of Abused Children," International Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect 1(1977):301-307.
13 A. H. Green, "Self Destructive Behavior in Battered Children," American Journal of Child Psychiatry 135(1978):579-582.
14 A. Browne and D. Finkelhor, "The Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Review of the Research," Psychological Bulletin 99(1986):66-67; and Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1987 (New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1988).
16 National Association for the Education of Young Children, Code of Ethical Conduct (Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1990).
17 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, Head Start Bureau, Federal Register 45 CFP Part 1301 Head Start Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, February 29, 1988), 5979-5980.
18 The first three examples in this section are reprinted from California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, Making a Difference (San Francisco: California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, 1986).
19 J. R. Davis, Help Me, I'm Hurt: The Child Abuse Handbook (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishers, 1982).
20 R. L. Hegar and J. J. Yungman, "Toward a Causal Typology of Child Neglect," Children and Youth Services Review 11(1989):203-220.
21 D. Finkelhor, Sexual Abuse in Day Care: A National Study (Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory, 1988).
23 See for example: M. D. Everson and B. W. Boat, "Are Anatomical Dolls Too Suggestive?" The Advisor 3(1990):6,14; B. W. Boat and M. D. Everson, "Use of Anatomical Dolls Among Professionals in Sexual Abuse Evaluations," Child Abuse and Neglect 12(1988):171-179; D. Cohn, "Play Activity With Anatomically Correct Dolls: Is There a Difference Between Preschool Age Children Referred for Sexual Abuse and Those Not Referred?" paper presented at the National Symposium on Child Victimization, Anaheim, CA, April 1988; S. White, G. Strom, G. Santilli, and B. Halpin, "Interviewing Young Children With Anatomically Correct Dolls," Child Abuse and Neglect 10(1986):519-529.
24 Based on California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, Making a Difference, 28-29.
25 Information in this section was adapted from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, A Guide for Education Coordinators in Head Start (Washington, DC: Head Start Bureau, 1986), 59-63.
26 Finkelhor, Sexual Abuse in Day Care, xiii.
29 Zavitkovsky, et al., Listen to the Children (Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1986), 48.
30 Based on M. Bates, C. White, and B. Koskie, Institutional Child Abuse Issues (Washington, DC: U.S. Army Child Development Services, n.d.), 23-24.
31 Finkelhor, Sexual Abuse in Day Care, xiii-xv.
32 California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, Making a Difference, 43.
33 Based on M. Kaplan-Sanoff and E. F. Kletter, "The Developmental Needs of Abused Children: Classroom Strategies," in Beginnings Fall 1985 (Redmond, WA: Exchange Press, 1985), 15-17.
34 Based on Kaplan-Sanoff and Kletter, "The Developmental Needs of Abused Children," 18-19; and S. L. Scott, "What Works for Abused Children: Environments and Activities," in Beginnings Fall 1985, 20-22.
35 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Region III Task Force on Child Abuse and Neglect, Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: A Guide for Head Start (Philadelphia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1985).
36 "Good Touch, Bad Touch" is a difficult concept for young children to grasp. See M. deYoung, The Good Touch/Bad Touch Dilemma," Child Welfare 67(1988):30-68.
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