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Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development
Series: Issue Briefs|
Child Welfare Information Gateway |
|Year Published: 2009|
Dlinks, Exhibit 1
The image is an inverted pyramid labeled with the four regions of the brain. The more primitive regions appear at the bottom of the inverted pyramid, and the more sophisticated regions appear at the top. From bottom to top, the regions are: Brainstem, Midbrain, Limbic, and Cortex.
Next to the inverted pyramid is a list of brain functions. The functions listed from bottom to top correspond to the regions of the brain that regulate them. From bottom to top, the brain functions are: Body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, sleep, appetite/satiety, "arousal," motor regulation, emotional reactivity, sexual behavior, "attachment," affiliation, concrete thought, and abstract thought.
Citation: Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. www.ChildTrauma.org
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