Domestic Violence and the Child Welfare System
Series: Bulletins for Professionals|
Child Welfare Information Gateway |
|Year Published: 2009|
Summary and Resources for Further Information
The co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment is a serious and pervasive social problem. The adverse effects of family violence on children can include behavioral, social, emotional, and cognitive problems that may last into adulthood. A review of literature reveals general agreement that the most effective approach to reducing family violence is based on comprehensive partnerships within and among child- and family-serving systems. Only in cooperation with one another can these systems ensure the safety and well-being of children and families. States and communities are moving in this direction, but more work is needed.
Resources for Further Information
Child and Family Service Review Outcomes: Strategies to Improve Domestic Violence Responses in CFSR Program Improvement Plans. Guides State stakeholders in developing effective Program Improvement Plans (PIPs) for achieving safety, permanency, and well-being in domestic violence cases, and in identifying or anticipating related technical assistance needs. Developed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, Family Violence Prevention Fund, and the National Resource Center for Child Protective Services.
Child Parent Psychotherapy for Family Violence. Integrates psychodynamic, attachment, trauma, cognitive-behavioral, and social-learning theories into a dyadic treatment approach. Designed to restore the child-parent relationship and the child's mental health and developmental progression that were damaged by the experience of domestic violence.
Child Protection in Families Experience Domestic Violence: User Manual Series. Provides basic information about domestic violence and addresses the overlap between child maltreatment and domestic violence, how to modify child protection practice with families experiencing domestic violence, ways to enhance caseworker safety and support in these cases, and collaborative responses for families experiencing domestic violence. Developed by the Office on Child Abuse and Neglect, Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Children's Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey. Discusses the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence, the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children's exposure to violence to date, sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Child Witness to Violence Project. Focuses on counseling, advocacy, and outreach for the growing number of young children who witness community and domestic violence.
Connect: Supporting Children Exposed to Domestic Violence. Provides curriculum, a PowerPoint presentation, and related tools from the Family Violence Prevention Fund. Intended for use with foster parents, kin caregivers, and adoptive parents caring for children who have been exposed to domestic violence. Includes information on the dynamics of domestic violence, the effects of exposure to domestic violence on children, and strategies for supporting children who have been exposed to violence.
Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs. Offers domestic violence training and resources to help community activists, domestic violence workers, practitioners in the criminal and civil justice systems, human services providers, and community leaders make a direct impact on domestic violence.
Domestic Violence Home Visit Intervention.
Provides enhanced law enforcement, community-based advocacy, and mental health services to families affected by domestic violence. A joint project of the Yale Child Study Center and the New Haven Police Department, its goal is to increase children's safety and decrease negative psychological effects of exposure to domestic violence.
Domestic Violence and Its Role in Child Welfare. Examines the intersection of domestic violence and child welfare and supplies effective practices that combine knowledge from both fields. From the National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning.
Family Violence Department, National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Provides training and technical assistance, through the Resource Center on Domestic Violence: Child Protection and Custody, to professionals seeking to improve outcomes on child protection and child custody cases that involve domestic violence, while engaging in policy reform in those areas.
The Greenbook Initiative. Provides resources and information regarding the six federally funded communities implementing the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges guidelines, Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy and Practice.
The Link Research Project. Offers information and findings from a series of studies that seek to understand how domestic violence and child maltreatment co-occur in families and how informal and formal social systems respond. The goal of this multiphase project is to help develop new evidence-based interventions.
Safe Start Center. Aims to broaden the scope of knowledge and resources for responding to the needs of children exposed to violence and their families.
Safe and Together Model. Centers on five critical building blocks to improve case practice and decision making in domestic violence cases where children are the focus.