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The Basics of Adoption Practice
Series: Bulletins for Professionals|
Child Welfare Information Gateway |
|Year Published: 2006|
1. Types of Adoption
Most adoptions in the United States fall into one of three main categories, each of which requires somewhat different services and skills from the adoption worker:
- The adoption of children from the public foster care system by foster caregivers, kin, or adoptive parents chosen by the agency for the child
- The domestic adoption of infants who reside in the United States and are adopted through private adoption agencies or independently (depending on State law)
- Intercountry adoption of infants and children from other countries by U.S. citizens
Much of the discussion that follows applies to all three types of adoption. In some cases, especially those involving intercountry adoption, there will be less opportunity for the adoption worker to receive and provide information and services to the birth family, the adoptive family, or the child.
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