Related Resources: Permanency
Resources addressing the importance of achieving permanency, including State and local examples.
Achieving Permanence for Children in the Child Welfare System: Pioneering Possibilities Amidst Daunting Challenges (PDF - 597 KB)
National Resource Center for Foster Care and Permanency Planning (2003)
Discusses the importance of achieving permanency for children in the child welfare system, and past and current policy efforts to achieve permanency.
Children, Families, and Foster Care
The Future of Children, 14(1), 2004
Highlights key issues for foster care policy, including safety and stability, family reunification, adoption and guardianship, kinship care, and services for older children.
Foster Care: Recent Legislation Helps States Focus on Finding Permanent Homes for Children, but Long-Standing Barriers Remain (PDF - 450 KB)
U.S. General Accounting Office (2002)
Examines the impact of ASFA on permanency outcomes for children in foster care, reviewing key provisions in the legislation and discussing what States are doing to address barriers to achieving permanency.
Integrating Best Practices for Comprehensive Permanency and Adoption System Reform
National Resource Center for Special Needs Adoption (1999)
Discusses integrating best practices for comprehensive permanency and adoption system reform using a four-pronged approach that starts with strong leaders.
Permanency for Children in Foster Care: A Competing Risks Analysis
McDonald, Portner, & Jennings
Journal of Social Service Research, 33(4), 2007
Presents results of a study which found that permanency outcomes are more properly analyzed as competing risks.
Securing Permanency: Tools and Strategies
ABA Child Law Practice, 21(3), 2002
State responses to the need for permanency, including strategies such as concurrent planning, resource family recruitment, subsidies for foster parents who adopt children with special needs, and mediation between the child, his or her family, and the child welfare system.
Working With Children and Families Separated by Incarceration: A Handbook for Child Welfare Agencies
Center for Child and Family Studies (2000)
An overview of child welfare services needed by children when their parents are arrested and incarcerated.
State and local examples
9th Annual Report to the Colorado Legislature: Implementation of HB 94-1178: Expedited Permanency Planning (Word - 1290 KB)
Colorado Department of Human Services, Division of Child Welfare (2003)
Reviews the effectiveness of activities implemented during 2003 to meet statutory requirements to expedite permanency for children in foster care.
Illinois Department of Children and Family Services, Office of Child and Family Policy (2002)
Explains best practices for Illinois child welfare services that emphasize child safety, permanency, and well-being from intake to case closure.
Expediting Permanency for Abandoned Infants: Guidelines for State Policies and Procedures (PDF - 197 KB)
National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center (2007)
Recommends policy and practice improvements in expediting permanency for infants and young children who are abandoned or at risk for abandonment.
Module 2: Achieving Permanency for Children in Substitute Care
Children and Family Research Center (2004)
A six-hour training that focuses on obtaining permanency for children in care.