Federal Laws Related to Permanency
Federal laws and policies provide guidance to States on the requirements for permanency planning for children served by child welfare agencies.
Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-89) (PDF - 172 KB)
ASFA was designed to promote permanency for children in foster care and accelerate permanent placements of children.
Adoption and Safe Families Act Timeline (PDF - 21 KB)
National Child Welfare Resource Center on Legal and Judicial Issues
A visual depiction of the decision points and time frames for permanency identified in ASFA.
Implementing the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997
St. John's Journal of Legal Commentary, 14, 2000
Examines the law's provision for permanency planning, repeated and severe abuse, and removing foster children from homes where foster parents engage in criminal activity.
Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) (PDF - 24 KB)
ICWA, passed in 1978, was designed to protect the best interests of Indian children and families and promote the stability and security of Indian families.
Laws & Policies
Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Federal laws, policies, and program issuances related to child welfare.
Making Sense of the ASFA Regulations: A Roadmap for Effective Implementation
ABA Center on Children and the Law (2001)
Explains issues that may arise regarding the laws' main provisions and provides recommendations for compliance. It specifically reviews definitions and considerations for time periods, reasonable efforts, aggravated circumstances, permanency hearings, guardianship, and trial home visits.