Related Resources: Interjurisdictional Placements in Out-of-Home Care
Additional resources about interjurisdictional placements of children in foster care, including State and local examples.
Interjurisdictional Placement of Children
National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning
A collection of relevant publications and websites addressing interjurisdictional placement of children in the child welfare system.
Adopting a New Compact (PDF - 555 KB)
Arnold-Williams & Oppenheim
Policy & Practice, 62(3), 2004
Renewed focus on safety and permanency for children in our public child welfare system confirms the importance of the ICPC's role in ensuring appropriate placements.
The only national, federally funded photolisting service for children in foster care waiting for permanent families.
Advancing Interjurisdictional Adoption Practice and Policy: A Report from the Interjurisdictional Leadership Summit
National Resource Center on Special Needs Adoption (2001)
Discusses concerns about access to extended family members and the preservation of cultural identity. Suggests that interjurisdictional adoption should be used when the child cannot be placed close to his or her community of origin.
Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance
Facilitates the administration of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA), advocates State participation in the ICAMA, and provides technical and legal assistance, education and training, and materials on practice and policy issues.
Comparison of Uniform Laws and Interstate Compacts (PDF - 114 KB)
American Public Human Services Association (2004)
Explains the difference between between uniform laws (such as the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act) and interstate compacts (such as the ICPC).
Court Cases of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children: Briefs and Legal Analysis
American Public Human Services Association (2000)
Explains the three aspects of ICPC that have generated the most differences in interpretation: retention of jurisdiction, application of the law to decisions regarding parental placements and interstate placements, and enforcement mechanisms.
ICPC Sending State Checklist (PDF – 466 KB)
This guide for sending States provides an overview and generalized description of how ICPC might operate for children and youth being placed across State lines for the purpose of adoption.
ICPC Receiving State Checklist (PDF – 398 KB)
This guide for receiving States provides an overview and generalized description for receiving States of how ICPC might operate for children and youth being placed across State lines for the purpose of adoption.
The ICPC Process to Place a Foster Child Out of State: A Flowchart of Stakeholders' Responsibilities (PDF - 17 KB)
North American Council of Adoptable Children (1999)
This chart, adapted from the GAO's November 1999 report, "HHS Could Better Facilitate the Interjurisdictional Adoption Process," includes responsibilities of the sending agency, sending State, receiving State, and receiving agency.
Interstate Placements: Applying the ICPC
ABA Child Law Practice, 21(5), 2002
Explains the requirements of the ICPC and outlines strategies that will ensure compliance. Application in placements with relatives, noncustodial parents, and guardians are discussed.
Safeguarding Interstate Adoptions: The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (PDF - 88 KB)
Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (2005)
Outlines the relevant issues in light of efforts to improve the ICPC system.
Offers information to child welfare professionals and prospective adoptive and foster parents who want to learn more about State guidelines, local agencies, parent support groups, and resources that can help with the child placement process.
Understanding Delays in the Interstate Home Study Process (PDF - 2930 KB)
American Public Human Services Association (2002)
Results from surveys of all 50 States, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and six counties in California to identify the home study policies and procedures that delay interstate adoptive placement.
State and local examples
Implementation of Collaborative Planning to Increase Inter-jurisdictional Adoptions Project
Oregon Research Institute, Inc. (2004)
Used interagency collaboration and case mediation techniques to resolve barriers to interjurisdictional placements.
A Tale of Two States: Collaborative Planning to Increase Interjurisdictional Placements
South Carolina Department of Social Services and Georgia Department of Human Resources (2004)
Outcomes of a program to facilitate cross-jurisdictional adoptive placements between South Carolina and Georgia.