Decisions about where to place a child in out-of-home care are made by considering the child's strengths and needs, the skills of the available caretakers or facilities, and the child's prospects for permanency with family placements. Child welfare agencies try to minimize the number of placements a child lives in while in out-of-home care to promote stability.
Closer to Home: Keeping Foster Children Near Their Parents Can Help Families Rebuild (PDF - 555 KB)
Glenn, Nauer, &Reibel
Child Welfare Watch, 10, 2004
Discusses the successes and challenges of a New York City initiative to find more neighborhood-based foster placements for children.
Implementing Team Decision-Making: Sequencing Suggestions (PDF - 26 KB)
Annie E. Casey Foundation (2000)
Offers a rollout plan, including timeframes, for full use of team decision-making for the three primary types of placement-related decisions (removal, changes of placement, and permanency/reunification).
Placement Decisions for Children in Long-Term Foster Care: Innovative Practices and Literature Review (PDF - 101 KB)
Doran & Berliner (2001)
Summarizes findings of a Washington State study on how to optimize placement of children in long-term foster care and reduce multiple placements.