Outcomes in Group and Residential Care
These resources provide information about outcomes for children and youth in group and residential care. Resources include State and local examples.
Breaking the Cycle of Intergenerational Abuse: The Long-Term Impact of a Residential Care Program
Heufner, Ringle, Chmelka, & Ingram
Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(2), 2007
Presents findings from an evaluation of the relationship between childhood abuse victimization and adult intimate partner violence (IPV). Based on the results, the authors suggest that skills taught in a long-term, treatment-based residential program may have a long-term beneficial impact for adolescents at high risk of adult interpersonal violence.
Comparing Outcomes for Youth in Treatment Foster Care and Family-Style Group Care (PDF - 333 KB)
Lee & Thompson
Children and Youth Services Review (NIH Public Access), 30(7), 2008
Compared outcomes of youth in treatment foster care and those of youth in group care. Group care youth were more likely to be favorably discharged, more likely to return home, and less likely to experience subsequent placement in the first 6 months after discharge.
Outcomes for Youth Receiving Intensive In-Home Therapy or Residential Care: A Comparison Using Propensity Scores
Barth, Greeson, Guo, Green, Hurley, & Sisson
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77(4), 2007
Compares outcomes for behaviorally troubled children receiving intensive in-home therapy and those receiving residential care. The authors suggest that intensive in-home services should be the preferred treatment over residential care in most cases.
The Perceptions and Satisfactions of Youth in Residential Care With Two Caregiving Models
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 90(3), 2009
Examines survey results from youth who were former residents of a residential facility about their perceptions and degrees of satisfaction with houseparent and child care worker models of caregiving.
State and local examples
Permanency Outcomes for Youth with Complex Mental Health Needs Served by the Child Protective Services Reintegration Project: Phase II Evaluation Report (PDF - 976 KB)
Casey Family Programs, Travis County Health and Human Services, & Texas Child Protective Services (2011)
Evaluates permanency outcomes for youth served by the Child Protective Services Reintegration Project. The project attempts to move youth with complex mental and behavioral needs out of group homes or residential treatment centers and back to their families and communities. The Phase I Evaluation Report (PDF - 807 KB) and Promoting Permanency video are also available.
Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of Continuum of Care Services for Children in a Child Welfare System
Holden, O'Connell, Liao, Krivelyova, Connor, Blau, et al.
Child Welfare, 86(6), 2007
Describes a title IV-E waiver demonstration project that evaluated whether the well-being of children approved for residential mental health services could be improved and lengths of stay in restrictive placements could be reduced by providing case rate payments to community agencies to provide continuum of care services.
Striving for Excellence: Expanding Performance-Based Contracting to Residential, Independent Living, and Transitional Living Programs in Illinois (PDF - 209 KB)
Illinois Department of Children and Family Services, Child Care Association of Illinois, & Children and Family Research Center (2008)
Discusses goals for the Striving for Excellence project, methods to achieve the goals, and the systemic changes brought about as a result of the project.