Children and Youth Who Can Benefit From Treatment Foster Care
In certain situations–when a child or youth is experiencing emotional or behavioral challenges or is medically fragile–it may be appropriate to use treatment foster care (TFC), also known as therapeutic foster care. The following resources discuss the use of TFC and provide additional guidance.
Meeting the Current Leadership Challenges in Child Welfare: The DePelchin Case Study
DePelchin Children's Center
Open Minds, 2007
Describes the DePelchin Children's Center transition from a medical model residential treatment center to a model that focuses on outpatient mental health services, therapeutic foster care, and special needs adoption.
Mental Health and Behavioral Problems of Youth in the Child Welfare System: Residential Treatment Centers Compared to Therapeutic Foster Care in the Odyssey Project Population
Baker, Kurland, Curtis, Alexander, & Papa-Lentini
Child Welfare, 86(3), 2007
Presents the methodology and findings from the first multisite, prospective study of behavioral and mental health disorders of youth in residential treatment centers and therapeutic foster care.
Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care
TFC Consultants, Inc.
Provides information about a cost-effective alternative to foster care, group or residential treatment, or incarceration for youth who have problems with chronic disruptive behavior.
Out-of-Home Services for Emotional or Behavioral Problems Among Youths Aged 12 to 17: 2002 to 2006
Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
NSDUH Report, 2008
Examines utilization of out-of-home mental health services among youths aged 12 to 17, including the length of time for receiving services.
Perspectives on Residential and Community-Based Treatment for Youth and Families (PDF - 117 KB)
Magellan Health Services & Children's Services Task Force (2008)
Discusses effective alternative community-based services for children who cannot be maintained safely in the home. This paper was developed in response to concerns about the reliance on residential treatment for children and adolescents with serious emotional disturbance and the underuse of evidence-based alternative treatments.
Therapeutic Foster Care: A Viable Option for Treating Youth in Families and in the Community (PDF - 190 KB)
National CASA Association & National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Judges' Page Newsletter, 2007
Describes the types of therapeutic foster care and how TFC differs from community-based residential placements.
Transitioning Foster Youth to Less Restrictive Settings: Perspectives of Treatment Foster Parents
Castellanos-Brown & Lee
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 91(2), 2010
Discusses the lack of research on transitioning youth from group settings to family settings such as treatment foster care. The article provides the perspectives of treatment foster parents on when the transition is appropriate and phases for a smooth transition to family settings.
Unlocking Mental Health Services for Youth in Care
Children's Voice, 2005
Describes common mental health problems among foster children and reviews several program models designed to facilitate treatment, including A Home Within, therapeutic foster homes, and systems of care that promote cooperation among community-based services.