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Mental Health Issues and Services in Out-of-Home Care
Resources and information about assessing and treating mental health issues of children in out-of-home care, including State and local examples.
Child Welfare Trauma Training Toolkit
National Child Traumatic Stress Network (2008)
Teach basic knowledge, skills, and values about working with children who have experienced traumatic stress, including how to use this knowledge to support children and their families through case management and tailored interventions.
Children Placed in Long-Term Foster Care: An Intake Profile Using the Child Behavior Checklist
Armsden, Pecora, Payne, & Szatkiewicz
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 8(1), 2000
Findings on intake CBCL scores for a group of children 4 to 18 years old served in long-term family foster care by the Casey Family Program.
Consent and Participation: Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Children in Out-of-Home Care
Molin & Palmer
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75(1), 2005
Addresses concerns surrounding informed consent, the right to be informed, and the rights of parents or foster carers to participate in a child's treatment.
Diagnoses and Health Care Utilization of Children Who Are in Foster Care and Covered by Medicaid (PDF - 1157 KB)
Richardson, Mark, & Miller (2013)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
Examines the prevalence of mental and physical illnesses and the utilization of health care services among children in foster care who are covered by Medicaid. Trends across three age groups and disparities between the children in foster care and children covered by Medicaid who are not in foster care are also identified.
Endangered Youth: A Report on Suicide Among Adolescents Involved With the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Systems (PDF - 2312 KB)
Connecticut Center for Effective Practice (2006)
Familiarizes professionals representing a broad range of agencies with an interdisciplinary framework that adequately addresses the spectrum of risk factors for suicide that children, youth, and their families involved in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems experience.
Estimates of Supplemental Security Income Eligibility for Children in Out-of-Home Placements
Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families (2008)
Examines Supplemental Security Income (SSI) eligibility among children living in out-of-home care in the child welfare system, using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Indicates that a large number of children living in foster care may be eligible for SSI. (PDF - 520 KB)
Foster Care and the Special Needs of Minority Children
Urquiza, Wu, & Borrego (1999)
In The Foster Care Crisis: Translating Research Into Policy and Practice
Provides an overview of some common mental health problems noted in foster care and describes institutional biases affecting ethnic minority children in out-of-home care.
Mental Health Issues for Children and Youth in Foster Care (PDF - 263 KB)
National Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) Association (2006)
Highlights the importance of identifying mental health issues facing the children, teens, and parents who are involved in the dependency system to ensure that appropriate services are available to the family.
Mental Health Needs of Foster Children and Children At-Risk for Removal (PDF - 1751 KB)
Virginia Child Protection Newsletter, 2009
Reviews the challenges involved in providing mental health services to foster children as well as the range of mental health needs and ways to address those needs using evidence-based practices.
Service Utilization by Young Children in Out-of-Home Placement (PDF - 345 KB)
Kempe Children's Center (1998)
Compared mental health and developmental service use by young children under the age of 6 in foster and kinship care.
Traumatic Stress/Child Welfare (PDF - 2368 KB)
Focal Point, 21(1), 2007
Focuses on child traumatic stress, particularly as experienced by children involved in the child welfare system, addressing the causes and effects of traumatic stress, evidence-based treatments, and prevention strategies.
Unlocking Mental Health Services for Youth in Care
Children's Voice, 14(3), 2005
Describes common mental health problems among foster children and reviews several program models designed to facilitate treatment, including A Home Within, therapeutic foster homes, and systems of care that promote cooperation among community-based services.
State and local examples
Behavior Problems and Educational Disruptions Among Children in Out-of-Home Care in Chicago
Chapin Hall Center for Children (2005)
Compares demographics, placements, and educational experiences of students in foster care who are classified with an emotional disturbance (ED) to students in care who have other special education classifications and Chicago Public School students with ED who are not in care.
Achieving & maintaining permanency: Permanency for children with disabilities
Child abuse & neglect: Child factors - Disabilities
Out-of-home care: Residential/group care
Out-of-home care: Treatment foster care
Out-of-home care: Children with disabilities
Systemwide: Mental health
Systemwide: Services to children & youth with disabilities