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April 2018   |   Archive   |   National Adoption Month   

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Adoption Assistance Review

According to the most recent Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) for Fiscal Year 2016, 92 percent of children adopted with public agency involvement received an adoption subsidy. Adoption assistance represents a key element of Federal and State policy to promote the adoption of children and youth from foster care and support adoptive families in meeting their needs.

Federal title IV-E or State subsidies aim to compensate adoptive parents for the short and long-term costs of adopting eligible children. Although eligibility criteria vary from State to State, the term “eligible” most frequently refers to children who are school-aged; part of a sibling group; children of color; or those with specific physical, emotional, or developmental needs. Benefits commonly include monthly cash payments, medical assistance, social services, and nonrecurring adoption expenses. The North American Council on Adoptable Children website provides an overview by State of basic adoption assistance rates as well as nonrecurring expenses, residential treatment, and subsidy available after age 18.

Adoption subsides may not be the only type of funding available to families. Information Gateway’s section on Grants/Loans/Tax Credits for Adoption highlights other sources of financial assistance.

3 Resources About Adoption Assistance

Federal Fiscal Year
2016 Adoption Savings
Data Mental Health Training

By the Children's Bureau

Adoption Assistance
by State


By the Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance


State Adoption

By Child Welfare
Information Gateway


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