Institutional Review Boards
An institutional review board (IRB) is a committee that reviews, approves, and regulates research involving human subjects conducted by its members or under its sponsorship. Some child welfare agency activities that evaluate the effectiveness of programs and practices require IRB approval. This section includes resources that describe the functions and practices of IRBs, including ways in which managers and researchers can best utilize IRBs to support their evaluation efforts.
The Institutional Review Board: Discussion and News Forum
Promotes the discussion of ethical, regulatory, and policy concerns with human subjects research and provides an opportunity for IRB forum members to discuss concerns about human subjects research. The site contains links, documents, and other resources.
Evaluation Brief: Understanding The Institutional Review Board (IRB) (PDF - 95 KB)
James Bell Associates (2008)
Describes the purpose, responsibilities, functions, and research review criteria of an IRB, as well as steps for determining whether a project requires IRB approval.
Institutional Review Boards (IRBs): What Are They, and Why Are They Important? (PDF - 189 KB)
Child Trends (2008)
Describes the IRB review process, with particular emphasis on out-of-school time programs. This brief gives specific steps for programs working with an IRB and provides additional resources.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Research Protections
Presents guidance on the protection of the rights, welfare, and well-being of subjects involved in research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Working With the Institutional Review Board
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 66(1), 2009
Discusses how researchers must work with an IRB, from preapproval to reporting and continuing review, in order to ensure compliance and ethical conduct of research involving human subjects.