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State Child Welfare Practice Models
This section includes examples of practice models that guide State and county child welfare agencies.
Implementation of Alabama's R. C. Consent Decree: Creating a New Culture of Practice (PDF - 170 KB)
Child Welfare Policy and Practice Group (2008)
Describes the litigation-driven, statewide reform in Alabama's child welfare system that encompassed changes in policy, workload, information systems, provider performance, staff training, resource development, frontline practice, and child and family outcomes.
Practice Model (PDF - 848 KB)
Alaska Office of Children's Services (2009)
Defines and supports a strengths-based, collaborative, family-centered practice model for staff, stakeholders, and the families they serve to better understand the role of child protective services in Alaska.
The Colorado Practice Initiative
Colorado Department of Human Services & Mountains and Plains Child Welfare Implementation Center
Presents Colorado's effort to develop a clear, consistent, and cohesive approach to practice and service delivery by developing a child welfare practice model and implementing specific practice strategies to improve outcomes for children, youth, and families.
District of Columbia
Practice Model: Our Foundation for Effective Child Welfare Practice (PDF - 3670 KB)
DC Child and Family Services Agency (2006)
Explains the practice model in use now by the District of Columbia's Child and Family Services Agency to provide child welfare services.
Family-Centered Practice Model (PDF - 137 KB)
Florida Department of Children and Families (2009)
Defines family-centered practice and discusses its values and principles to assist investigators, caseworkers, and supervisors as they implement these practices with the children and families they serve in Florida.
Family-Centered Case Practice Model (PDF - 52 KB)
Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Family and Children Services (2009)
Defines, guides, and supports a strengths-based and family-centered model of practice at all levels of the Georgia Division of Family and Children Services.
Hawaii Child Welfare Services (CWS) Family Partnership and Engagement Practice Model (PDF - 40 KB)
Hawaii Department of Human Services (2010)
Defines Hawaii's child welfare standards of practice and identifies how practice supports the achievement of positive outcomes for children and families.
How Are the Children in Indiana? A New Practice Model for Indiana (PDF - 3789 KB)
Indiana Department of Child Services (2010)
Reviews Indiana case practice reforms, which include the implementation of child and family team meetings, clinical supervision, and five practice skills: teaming, engaging, assessing, planning, and intervening.
Indiana Department of Child Services: A Practice Reform Overview
Indiana Department of Child Services (2008)
View Abstract and Document
Describes Indiana's new practice model: Teaming, Engaging, Assessing, Planning, and Intervening (TEAPI).
Child Welfare Model of Practice (PDF - 72 KB)
Iowa Department of Human Services (2007)
Defines, reinforces, and supports DHS's strength-based and family centered model of practice at all levels. The practice model can work in individual cases and at the program and organizational levels, and can be used as a basis of comparison in measuring or judging capacity, quantity, and quality.
2009 Child Welfare Reform Innovations Presentation Data (Word - 2458 KB)
Maine Office of Child and Family Services (2009)
Discusses the outcomes of Maine's Child Welfare Reform Initiative, an initiative that developed a family-centered practice model and a data-driven management system. The initiative also implemented family team meetings for engaging more parents in decisions about their children.
Child Welfare Services Practice Model
Maine Office of Child and Family Services (2005)
Provides an overview of Maine's Office of Child and Family Services practice model in providing services to families and the community.
Place Matters in Maryland: A Report on Child Welfare 2007-2009 (PDF - 694 KB)
Maryland Department of Human Resources (2009)
Describes the Place Matters practice model, a permanency effort of the Maryland Department of Human Resources, and describes the challenges and successes of the Department since implementing Place Matters in 2007.
Integrated Casework Practice Model
Massachusetts Department of Children and Families
Describes a strength-based approach to working with families that is designed to stabilize families so children can safely remain at home, reduce repeat maltreatment of children, and effectively target State resources to meet the needs of families requiring services.
2009 Minnesota Case Study: Using Positioning Public Child Welfare Guidance to Develop a Practice Model (PDF - 4884 KB)
American Public Human Services Association, Casey Family Programs, & Minnesota Department of Human Services (2009)
Describes elements used in developing a practice model, including practice definitions, lessons learned, and facilitator reflections.
2009 Minnesota Case Study: Using Positioning Public Child Welfare Guidance to Develop a Practice Model (PDF - 4874 KB)
American Public Human Services Association, Minnesota Department of Human Services, & Casey Family Programs (2009)
Describes the decision-making process used to develop a practice model using the Positioning Public Child Welfare Initiative's (PPCWI's) guidance. The study lists practices for both the organization as a whole and for frontline practice and discusses lessons learned from using the PPCWI Practice Model.
Minnesota Child Welfare Practice Model (PDF - 904 KB)
Minnesota Department of Human Services (2009)
Describes the practice model that guides the provision of child welfare services in Minnesota.
Visitation/Family Access Guidelines: A Practice Model for Social Workers (PDF - 1318 KB)
Olmsted County Child and Family Services Division (2005)
Produced for the Olmstead County, Minnesota, Child and Family Services Division, these guidelines outline best practices for contact between the social worker, child, and family and between the child and his or her family members.
Use of a State Practice Model in Re-design of the Minnesota Child Welfare Training System
National Staff Development and Training Association & American Public Human Services Association
Training and Development in Human Services, 6(1), 2011
Describes a process used to align program areas of a training system to a written practice model and efforts to build internal organizational effectiveness. Report includes lessons learned and challenges faced by those embracing a redesign of a training system.
Case Management Practice Model (PDF - 47 KB)
Clark County Department of Family Services, Nevada Division Child and Family Services, & Washoe County Department of Social Services (2005)
Describes the approach governing the design of frontline practice, training, policy, resource development and quality assurance in Nevada child welfare agencies.
Implementing the Case Practice Model (PDF - 231 KB)
New Jersey Department of Children and Families (2007)
Discusses the development of the case practice model and its proposed implementation using a six-part approach that includes: leadership development, a statewide readiness strategy, immersion, service development, continued focus on the fundamentals, and enhanced planning and coordination between the Department of Children and Families and Division of Child Behavioral Health Services.
New Jersey Department of Children and Families Case Practice Model (PDF - 79 KB)
New Jersey Department of Children and Families (2007)
Defines whom the agency serves, the expected outcomes of these services, and the guiding principles and expectations of the organization.
The Application of the Six Family Centered Principles of Partnership (PDF - 17 KB)
North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Social Services (2007)
Outlines North Carolina's Multiple Response System, which comprises seven strategies that support families in a practice model that is grounded in the use of family-centered practices and system of care principles. This chart shows how six family-centered principles of partnership are used with the strategies and shows each strategy's intended impact on North Carolina's families and social work practice.
ND Wraparound Practice Model (PDF - 779 KB)
North Dakota Department of Human Services (2010)
Describes North Dakota's Wraparound Practice Model, which emphasizes children's safety, permanence, family engagement, and well-being in every service.
OKDHS Child Welfare Practice Standards
Oklahoma Department of Human Services (2010)
Lists Oklahoma's child welfare practice standards and provides key actions and indicators for each standard.
Standards of Professional Practice for Serving Children and Families: A Model of Practice
Tennessee Department of Children's Services (2003)
Describes the Tennessee Department of Children's Services approach to providing child welfare services.
Our Practice Model
Utah Department of Human Services
Outlines a practice model for providing child welfare services in Utah. It includes a list of key principles for providing services to children and families and a set of key practice skills to translate the principles into practice.
Family Services Practice Model (PDF - 298 KB)
Vermont Department for Children and Families, Family Services Division (2011)
Explains the core practice principles that guide the work of the Vermont Family Services Division.
Back on Track: Transforming Virginia's Child Welfare System (PDF - 2029 KB)
Annie E. Casey Foundation (2010)
Describes how Virginia successfully introduced a family-centered child welfare practice model, increased both permanency rates and access to community-based care, and reduced overall spending while decreasing the number of children in foster care.
Virginia Children's Services Practice Model (PDF - 87 KB)
Virginia Department of Social Services (2010)
Sets forth a vision for the services that are delivered by all child serving agencies in Virginia. The model guides the State's process to continuously improve services by being rooted in best practices, using the most accurate and current data available, and keeping the safety and well-being of children and families at the center of their work.
Family-Centered Practice Model (PDF - 119 KB)
Washington State Division of Children and Family Services (2005)
Describes the agency's family-centered approach to child welfare services and the intended benefits and outcomes.
Foundations of Practice: Vision (PDF - 21 KB)
Wyoming Department of Family Services (2007)
Describes vision guiding the provision of family-centered child welfare services in Wyoming.