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For Tribes

Being aware of cultural differences among foster care populations and the ability to adapt skills and services to meet clients' needs are essential aspects of child welfare practice. The following resources highlight services and programs that are effective in promoting and supporting the timely return of Native children and youth to their families and offers helpful information about the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA).

Measuring Compliance With the Indian Child Welfare Act
Casey Family Programs (2015)
Describes various approaches for measuring compliance with ICWA and offers recommendations that support and develop training tools for child protective services and judicial staff.

National Resource Center for Diligent Recruitment
Provides information, resources, and technical assistance to support States, Tribes, and territories in developing a sufficient pool of resource families to meet the needs of children and youth in foster care. Learn about strategies and ideas from the field that can help Tribal child welfare agencies prepare, develop, and support resource families for their role in supporting reunification. 

Your Rights Under the Indian Child Welfare Act (PDF - 592 KB)
Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid and Legal Services State Support (2015)
Explains the rights of Native American parents in Minnesota who are involved in the child welfare system and juvenile court and family court proceedings. The rights of the child's Tribe and the rights of Indian relatives and Indian children are also reviewed.

Foster Care: HHS Needs to Improve the Consistency and Timeliness of Assistance to Tribes
U.S. Government Accountability Office (2015)
Examines obstacles facing Native American Tribes interested in directly operating a title IV-E program, assistance the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has provided, and recommendations offered to HHS by the Government Accountability Office.

Model Approach to Partnerships in Parenting (MAPP)
Children's Alliance
View Abstract
Highlights the Trauma Informed Partnering for Safety and Permanence-Model Approach to Partnerships in Parenting (TIPS-MAPP) Native American Edition. Within the MAPP practice framework, child welfare staff, foster parents and adoptive parents work as a team to preserve or rebuild the family around the long-term welfare of the child. Also provides information on the Model Approach to Partnerships in Parenting (MAPP), a comprehensive program designed to extend the idea of building positive relationships and alliances beyond birth parents.

National Indian Child Welfare Association: Training
Includes onsite and online training on the Indian Child Welfare Act, specifically Module V: Permanency Planning for Indian Children, in addition to offering a foster care packet and a brief on Native American children and youth well-being indicators.

Timely Permanency Through Reunification (PDF - 3,327 KB)
Casey Family Programs (2011)
Features the Michigan Sault Ste. Marie Tribe while highlighting promising practices, outcomes, and lessons learned through the breakthrough series' collaborative methodology. 

The Invisible Families: Child Welfare and American Indian Active Duty Service Members and Veterans
Fort & Vicaire (2015)
The Federal Lawyer, March/April
Explores challenges facing Native American military families in child welfare cases and identifies key issues that need to be addressed.

DHS Foster Care Recruitment Video
Denver Human Services (2013)
Discusses the number of Native American children in foster care in Denver County, Colorado and the importance of keeping these children connected to their culture.

That's My People
U.S. Department of Justice (2011)
Depicts issues that Tribal youth across regions identified as important to address within their communities.

Development and Implementation of Tribal Foster Care Standards (PDF - 359 KB)
National Indian Child Welfare Association (2000)
Suggests a process through which Tribal communities can develop appropriate foster care standards.

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