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Parental Substance Abuse
Research indicates a link between substance abuse and child maltreatment. While estimates vary, studies show that one-third to two-thirds of child maltreatment cases involve substance use to some degree. These resources provide views on the number and complexity of co-occurring family problems and the impact of substance abuse on child maltreatment in several age groups, including State and local examples.
How Parental Substance Use Disorders Affect Children
Children's Bureau (HHS) User Manual Series (2009)
In Protecting Children in Families Affected by Substance Use Disorders
Recognizes substance abuse as a risk for child maltreatment and describes the impact of substance abuse on prenatal and childhood development.
National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center
Provides training, information, and resources to service providers who assist abandoned children and those at risk of abandonment due to the presence of drugs or HIV in the family.
Child Abuse Potential Among Mothers of Substance-Exposed and Nonexposed Infants and Toddlers
Hogan, Myers, & Elswick
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 30(2), 2006
Assesses the potential of child abuse among mothers who were substance abusers.
Child Maltreatment and Foster Care: Unpacking the Effects of Prenatal and Postnatal Parental Substance Use
Smith, Johnson, Pears, Fisher, & DeGarmo
Child Maltreatment, 12(2), 2007
Examines the impact of fathers' and mothers' substance abuse on child maltreatment and foster placement transitions.
|Parental Substance Use and the Child Welfare System|
|Series Title:||Bulletins for Professionals|
|Author(s):||Child Welfare Information Gateway
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|Year Published:||2009 - 11 pages|
|Substance abuse has a major impact on the child welfare system. It is estimated that 9 percent of children in the United States live with at least one parent who abuses alcohol or other drugs. Research has demonstrated that children of substance abusing parents are more likely to experience abuse or neglect than children in non-substance abusing households. This fact sheet addresses the scope of the problem, the impact of parental substance abuse on children, service delivery issues, and agency practice implications. Resources for further information also are provided. 29 references.|
Prenatal Cocaine Exposure and Child Welfare Outcomes
Doris, Meguid, Thomas, Blatt, & Eckenrode
Child Maltreatment, 11(4), 2006
Explores data about the relationship of cocaine use and child maltreatment. Identifying the exposure at birth provides a place for intervention.
Prevention and Drug Treatment
Testa & Smith
Future of Children, 19(2), 2009
Examines the relationship between substance abuse and child maltreatment and considers ways to improve the effectiveness of substance abuse treatment services.
Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment
Pediatric Clinics of North America, 56(2), 2009
Advises professionals of the risk of substance abuse on child maltreatment.
Treatment of Co-Occurring Child Maltreatment and Substance Abuse
Donohue, Romero, & Hill
Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11(6), 2006
Illustrates the impact of parental substance abuse on child maltreatment and provides a model to explain the relationship.
An Exploratory Study of Drug-Exposed Infants: Case Substantiation and Subsequent Child Maltreatment
Sun, Freese, & Fitzgerald
Child Welfare, 86(3), 2007
Explores drug-exposed infants and the risk for child maltreatment in Nevada.
Perinatal Substance Use Screening in California: Screening and Assessment With the 4P's Plus Screen for Substance Use in Pregnancy (PDF - 506 KB)
Chasnoff, McGourty, Wells, & McCurties (2008)
Examines data from intervention programs in California regarding substance abuse and pregnancy.