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Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence
Research indicates that in 30 percent to 60 percent of families where spousal abuse takes place, child maltreatment also occurs. Children in violent homes may witness parental violence, be victims of physical abuse themselves, or be neglected by parents who are focused on their partners or unresponsive to their children due to their own fears. Even if children are not maltreated, they may experience harmful emotional consequences from the violence they witness.
The Overlap Between Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence
Children's Bureau (HHS) User Manual Series (2003)
In Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence
Explores the crossover between child abuse and neglect with domestic violence. The chapter includes the effects and symptoms of the combination of maltreatment and domestic violence.
|Domestic Violence and the Child Welfare System|
|Series Title:||Bulletins for Professionals|
|Author(s):||Child Welfare Information Gateway
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|Year Published:||2009 - 14 pages|
|System responses to domestic violence have typically been targeted toward adult victims of abuse. However, increased attention is now being focused on children who witness domestic violence. This bulletin addresses the impact of domestic violence on children and the resulting implications on professional practice. Resources such as websites and additional publications are also provided for further information.|
|Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence|
|Series Title:||State Statutes|
|Author(s):||Child Welfare Information Gateway
Download (PDF - 426KB)
|Year Published:||2013 - 18 pages|
|Discusses laws that extend legal protection to children who may be harmed by witnessing acts of domestic violence in their homes. The issues examined include the circumstances that constitute "witnessing" domestic violence and the legal consequence to persons who commit the domestic violence, such as enhanced penalties and fines. Summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories are included.|
The Co-occurrence of Child and Intimate Partner Maltreatment in the Family: Characteristics of the Violent Perpetrators
Dixon, Hamilton-Giachritsis, Browne, & Ostapuik
Journal of Family Violence, 22(8), 2007
Examines perpetrator characteristics related to both child maltreatment and intimate partner violence such as gender, mental health, maltreatment type, history of abuse, and more.
Fathering by Partner-Abusive Men: Attitudes on Children's Exposure to Interparental Conflict and Risk Factors for Child Abuse
Salisbury, Henning, & Holdford
Child Maltreatment, 14(3), 2009
Identifies risk factors for maltreatment of children who witness intimate partner violence by male offenders.
Interpartner Conflict and Child Abuse Risk Among African American and Latino Adolescent Parenting Couples
Moore & Florsheim
Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, 32(4), 2008
Examines multiethnic teen parents, interpartner violence, and their occurrence with child maltreatment. Results indicated that violence before the birth of a child was a risk factor for physical abuse for fathers.
Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence
Herrenkohl, Sousa, & Tajima
Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 9(2), 2008
Addresses research on the overlap of physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence.
Intimate Partner Violence and Child Maltreatment: Understanding Co-Occurrence and Intergenerational Connections (PDF - 202 KB)
Renner & Slack (2004)
Examines intergenerational pathways of family violence and assesses the extent to which different forms of family violence occur during childhood and during adulthood within the same sample.
Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and Mothers' Child Abuse Potential
Casanueva & Martin
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22(5), 2007
Studies increased risk factors for child abuse among women who experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy. Findings indicated the odds of having a high level of child abuse potential were three times greater for women who were victims of IPV compared to nonvictims.
Parent and Partner Violence in Families With Young Children: Rates, Patterns, and Connections (PDF - 115 KB)
Slep & O'Leary
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 2005
Presents a study finding strong connections between partner aggression and parent aggression toward children among 453 representatively sampled families with young children.
Repeated Reports for Child Maltreatment Among Intimate Partner Violence Victims: Findings from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being
Casanueva, Martin, & Runyan
Child Abuse and Neglect : The International Journal, 33(2), 2009
Reports on the prevalence on intimate partner violence among mothers who maltreat their children and to determine how intimate partner violence is a risk factor for child maltreatment. Results showed that the mothers who had experienced Intimate partner violence were twice as likely to abuse their child.
Women's Abuse of Their Children in the Context on Domestic Violence: Reflection From Women's Accounts
Damant, Lapierre, Lebossé, Thibault, Lessard, & Hamelin-Brabant et al.
Child and Family Social Work, 15(1), 2010
Examines factors affecting the relationship between a woman's experience of domestic violence and subsequent child maltreatment.