Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect in Federal Law
Federal legislation provides guidance to States by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (42 U.S.C.A. § 5106g), as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:
- "Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation"; or
- "An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm."
This definition of child abuse and neglect refers specifically to parents and other caregivers. A "child" under this definition generally means a person who is younger than age 18 or who is not an emancipated minor.
While CAPTA provides definitions for sexual abuse and the special cases of neglect related to withholding or failing to provide medically indicated treatment, it does not provide specific definitions for other types of maltreatment such as physical abuse, neglect, or emotional abuse. While Federal legislation sets minimum standards for States that accept CAPTA funding, each State provides its own definitions of maltreatment within civil and criminal statutes.
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)
Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010)
Presents CAPTA as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010. The text contains the Adoption Opportunities program and Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, as amended.
|What Is Child Abuse and Neglect? Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms|
|Author(s):||Child Welfare Information Gateway
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|Year Published:||2013 - 10 pages|
|Outlines the legal definition of child abuse and neglect, the different types of abuse and neglect, and the signs and symptoms of abuse and neglect. Resources about the impact of trauma on well-being also are included in this factsheet.|