Partnering with Youth for Permanency Planning
Children and youth in out-of-home care should be involved in planning for their own permanency to the fullest extent possible. Discussing permanency options, explaining the processes, and helping children and youth deal with the emotional ups and downs are all activities that can help prepare them and support their involvement in achieving permanency. This section includes resources to help caseworkers prepare children and youth for permanency and offers strategies that help engage youth in the permanency planning process, including State and local examples.
Children's Bureau Youth Permanency Grant Cluster
Describes the results of nine grants awarded by the Children's Bureau to explore innovative programs to achieve youth permanency. Includes curricula and attitude scales about options for youth permanency, including open adoption.
Digital Stories–Preparation for Adulthood: Supervising for Success
Uses a multimedia format to present the voices of young people, child welfare workers, and supervisors to highlight critical practice issues in preparing youth to transition to adulthood.
Youth Participation in Planning: Why It Matters
Portland State University Research and Treatment Center
Presents perspectives from youth on the importance of being included in permanency planning and the impact that being left out can have on their lives.
National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections
Provides a collection of resources addressing youth involvement in child welfare, including many examples of how the youth voice has been incorporated into State and local child welfare programs.
Preparing children and youth for permanency
The 3-5-7 Model: Preparing Children for Permanency (PDF - 253 KB)
Children and Youth Services Review, 27(2), 2005
Introduces a practice model for preparing children for permanency by assisting children in grieving losses, formulating self-identity, establishing trust and security through attachments, and building relationships and openness as they prepare to join families on a permanent basis.
|Helping Your Foster Child Transition to Your Adopted Child|
|Series Title:||Factsheets for Families|
|Author(s):||Child Welfare Information Gateway
Download (PDF - 255KB)
Order (Free) - Add to Cart
|Year Published:||2012 - 12 pages|
|Summarizes how foster/adoptive parents can help their child make the emotional adjustment to being an adopted child. Children and youth may not clearly comprehend the difference between being a foster child versus being an adopted child in the same family. This factsheet provides suggestions for talking with children about the changes from foster care to adoption, helping them understand their own histories and losses, helping them cope with trauma and transfer attachments, and useful resources.|
Preparing School Age Children for Adoption: Perspectives of Successful Adoptive Parents and Caseworkers
Adoption Quarterly, 9(4), 2007
Presents the results of a study that examined the preparation of children for adoption from the perspectives of 55 adoptive parents and 26 caseworkers.
See You in Court: Tips for Preparing Foster Kids for Their Adoption Finalization (PDF - 15 KB)
Discusses how social workers can help foster families prepare children and teenagers for their adoption finalization.
Engaging youth in permanency planning
FYI Binder: The Tool for Youth Involvement
Lists resources for youth to become more involved in their foster care plans.
Policy Recommendations to Facilitate Foster Youth Participation in Court Hearings (PDF - 72 KB)
California Youth Connection (2005)
Suggests areas that can be improved to support foster youth participation in court hearings.
Six Steps to Finding a Family: Family Search and Engagement Steps (PDF - 2979 KB)
National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning & California Permanency for Youth Project
Outlines the steps to identifying, locating, and engaging family members who may offer permanency to youth in foster care. This guide is built on the principle that finding a family is a youth-driven process, and the steps provided involve the youth throughout.
State and local examples
Adoption Recruitment Services
Under One Sky
Uses recruitment strategies combined with grassroots and multimedia efforts focused on youth-directed, child-specific recruitment plans tailored for each youth.
Destination Family Youth Permanency Project
California Department of Social Services, Sacramento County Department of Health and Human Services, Nevada County Human Services Agency, Placer County Department of Health and Human Services, & Sierra Adoption Services
Focuses on creating permanency for youth using a whole-family approach. Youth are engaged through the Family Bound Program, which helps them explore permanency, identify important relationships in their past, and grieve the loss of significant former relationships.
Youth Involvement in Case Plans, Court Hearings, and Administrative Reviews (PDF - 688 KB)
Sacramento County Department of Health and Human Services (2006)
Emphasizes the benefits of youth involvement in developing case plans and explores different considerations when developing a case plan.
Youth OPEN: Options for Permanency and Empowerment Now
Child and Family Tennessee
Describes the goals of the Youth OPEN project, which focuses on empowering and supporting youth to be active advocates in their own permanency planning process.