ICPC and Interjurisdictional Placements
A selection of resources, including the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC), related to placing a child in foster care or adoption across jurisdictions, including State and local examples.
ICPC Important Documents
Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (AAICPC)
Includes articles, regulations, publications, and papers about ICPC.
Provides interjurisdictional guidelines for each State and territory.
Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance: Guidelines for Adoption Workers (PDF - 116 KB)
Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (2007)
Describes an assessment instrument designed to guide adoption workers through the requirements of ICAMA.
Adoption Assistance by State
Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance & Child Welfare Information Gateway
Provides answers to 13 questions regarding State policies on adoption assistance and State contacts for adoption, postadoption, and medical assistance.
Agency Readiness Assessment for Interjurisdictional Placements (PDF - 148 KB)
AdoptUSKids & National Resource Center for Recruitment and Retention of Foster and Adoptive Parents (2012)
Provides a self-assessment form to help agencies identify their existing capacity for supporting and making interjurisdictional placements. The form focuses on the areas of training, system supports, evaluation, and recruitment.
Guide to the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (PDF - 355 KB)
American Public Human Services Association (2002)
Explains the key provisions of the law, including compact administration, recognition of placements under the compact, procedures for processing referrals, implementation of placements, responsibilities of sending agencies, and penalties for illegal placements.
ICAMA and Medicaid: Understanding the COBRA Option and COBRA Reciprocity
Explains ICAMA and COBRA reciprocity, which allows States to extend Medicaid benefits to children residing in the State who receive State-funded adoption assistance from another State. The article includes criteria for determining whether a child can receive Medicaid in an interstate case.
Medicaid and the Intersection of Federal and State Law: ICPC and ICAMA (PDF — 90 KB)
Association for the Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children
Describes the ICPC and ICAMA, and explains how Medicaid is provided when a child moves across State lines through adoption.
The New ICPC: Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children
American Public Human Services Association (2009)
Provides comprehensive information about ICPC, includes answers to frequently asked questions about private and independent adoption under ICPC, and explains proposed legislative language for the new ICPC.
Recommendations: ICPC and the Armed Services (PDF - 163 KB)
American Public Human Services Association
Presents five recommendations for applying ICPC to placements involving families in the armed services.
Safeguarding Interstate Adoptions: The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (PDF - 87 KB)
Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (2005)
Outlines issues relevant to current efforts to improve the ICPC system.
State and local examples
Assessment of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (PDF - 394 KB)
Texas Court Improvement Program (2008)
Provides an analysis of current law, practices, and procedures used by the referring agency and courts, as well as legal and practical barriers to safe and timely placement. The report attempts to pinpoint specific problems in the system and consider solutions.