Cultural Competence in Recruitment and Retention
It is important to recruit and retain resource families with diverse backgrounds to ensure equitable outcomes and promote the well-being of children and families. This includes resource families who have a broad understanding of culture beyond race, ethnicity, and language, such as the ability to meet the needs of medically fragile children or youth with delinquency issues. Find cross-cultural resources and information on recruiting and supporting kinship caregivers, foster parents, and foster-to-adopt families, including State and local examples.
Building Successful Resource Families: A Guide for Public Agencies
Goodman & Steinfield (2012)
Annie E. Casey Foundation
Provides a practice guide for recruiting foster care resource families that focuses on development, recruitment, and support. The guide begins by attributing the lack of suitable resource families to inappropriate recruiting and inadequate support and then describes the benefits and limitations of different resource family oversight models. Subsequent sections, including 28 appendices, outline best practices and specific tools identified by the Annie E. Casey Foundation as effective in the field.
Engaging African American Communities and Organizations to Support Foster Care and Adoption for Children in the Child Welfare System (PDF - 4854 KB)
Ledesma, Pettaway, McRoy, Madden, & Cody
The Roundtable, 25(1), 2011
Describes efforts by AdoptUSKids to assist States, Tribes, and territories in addressing the permanency needs of African-American children in care. The authors provide information about African-American waiting and adopted children and note that churches are identified by parents and professionals as the best way to recruit African-American families. A lack of financial resources and behavior challenges are identified as top barriers to African-American families fostering and adopting from the foster care system.
Nuestra Familia, Nuestra Cultura (Our Family, Our Culture): Promoting and Supporting Latino Families in Adoption and Foster Care (PDF - 888 KB)
Provides information for child welfare agencies and their employees to help them increase their cross-cultural understanding and effectiveness when serving Latino families and children.
Recruiting and Retaining LGBT Foster, Adoptive, and Kinship Families: Sending a Welcoming Message (PDF - 150 KB)
National Resource Center for Diligent Recruitment (NRCDR) (2011)
Provides tips about creating a welcoming, inclusive environment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families, as well as specific ideas to help agencies build capacity to reach out to LGBT families and retain them.
Strategies For Recruiting Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Foster, Adoptive, and Kinship Families (PDF - 435 KB)
National Resource Center for Adoption, National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections, & National Resource Center for Diligent Recruitment (NRCDR) (2012)
Provides an introduction to the topic of LGBT parents as a resource in the child welfare system and strategies for recruiting and engaging LGBT resource families.
State and local examples
All Things Are Possible: No Limits Adoption Recruitment for African American Children; Site Visit Report
Florida Department of Children and Families, Office of Family Safety (2010)
Describes a program developed by Minnie Jenkins, Florida's Minority Adoption Leadership Development Institute (MALDI) participant, that focused on child-specific recruitment for 10 African-American youth, aged 9 and older, who were waiting for adoptive families. The success of this program led the State to take the program statewide with a project called The 100 Longest Waiting Teens Project: A Family for Every Teen.
Clarifying Culture in Placement Decisions (PDF - 36 KB)
Minnesota Department of Human Services (2007)
Reiterates the Federal legal restrictions that govern the use of race and culture in decisions regarding recruitment and placement in Minnesota.
Innovative Recruitment Strategies: The Latino Family Institute
Children's Bureau Express, 9(6), 2008
Describes how the Latino Family Institute used funds from a Federal Adoption Opportunities grant to find permanent families for Latino children in Los Angeles.
Recruiting and Training Indian Foster Families (PDF - 6564 KB)
Nevada Division of Child and Family Services & Nevada Children's Justice Act Task Force (2006)
In Indian Child Welfare Resource Guide Provides strategies for recruiting Native American foster families in Nevada and highlights the use of a foster parent curriculum field tested by the Native American Children and Family Services Training
The Charter of the Collaborative Circle (Word - 93 KB)
United for Families: The Collaborative Circle for the Well-Being of South Dakota's Native Children (2006)
Summarizes decisions made to create and implement the Collaborative Circle for the Well-Being of South Dakota's Native Children, an organization dedicated to the recruitment and retention of Native American resource families.
Recruiting Hispanic Foster Parents: Issues of Culture, Language, and Social Policy
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 84(4), 2006
Addresses issues of culture, language, and social policy that must be considered when recruiting Hispanic foster parents.