Impact of Institutionalization
Children who have experienced institutionalization before adoptive placement may have significant challenges to overcome after adoptive placement. Find resources in this section to help parents with children who have been institutionalized.
And What About Food?
Discusses food issues that children previously placed in group or institutional settings may exhibit and provides suggestions to help their adoptive parents cope with them effectively.
Growth in International Adopted People
University of Minnesota, Adoption Medicine Program and Clinic
Offers an overview of the potential effects of orphanage placement on children's height, weight, and other growth and development factors.
When the Bonding Cycle Is Broken
Excerpts from two books that illustrate the bonding cycle and the effects of its disruption (click on link in left navigation bar). Also available in Spanish (click on link in left navigation bar).
Child abuse and neglect: Impact
Adoption: Parenting after adoption - After intercountry adoption: Parenting children who have experienced abuse and neglect
Adoption: Parenting after adoption - After intercountry adoption: From orphanage life to family life